Russia, the United States, and Churning Arctic Geopolitics | The Arctic Institute

Examining Arctic geopolitics within the framework of big power rivalry, it is plausible to say, as a Carnegie Endowment paper underlined, that Moscow’s ambitious programs in the Arctic amount to a renewal of its Cold War posture, which was “centred around long-standing missions of protecting the sanctuaries of its ballistic missile submarine fleet and operations in the North Atlantic in the event of a war in Europe.” But the paper warns that “the Russian military is resuming these missions with fewer resources and facing a more formidable array of adversary capabilities than during the Cold War”.16) This might again make room for suspicion if the task before Moscow is to recoup economically capable partners like China in its Arctic geopolitical objectives. China—which is palpably worried about the Indo-Pacific strategy of the U.S. and its partners in a wider region—is all set to bolster its ‘Belt-Road Initiative,’ and the ‘Polar Silk Road’ is perceptibly Beijing’s dream project in the coming years. Russia’s chairmanship of the Arctic Council is therefore seen as a major challenge for other Arctic States like the U.S., Canada, and Norway with China emerging as an important stakeholder, if not a major rival, in the region.

Russia, the United States, and Churning Arctic Geopolitics | The Arctic Institute

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